The various Human Rights Codes in Canada prohibit actions that discriminate against people based on a protected ground in a protected social area.
What Is a Protected Ground?
Common protected grounds are:
- Ancestry, colour, race
- Ethnic origin
- Place of origin
- Family status
- Marital status (including single status)
- Gender identity, gender expression
- Receipt of public assistance (in housing only)
- Record of offences (in employment only)
- Sex (including pregnancy and breastfeeding)
- Sexual orientation.
Employment is a protected social area that is regulated by various human rights codes. In the workplace, all acts of discrimination are expressly prohibited by various human rights and employment standards legislation.